Restaino Chiropractic Center

    1671 Park Rd.   Ft. Wright, Ky   (859) 578-8778 

  Where traditional chiropractic meets 21st century technology...

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Symptoms - Conditions

DISCLAIMER: No one, including those under current care, should use any information provided on this website to self-diagnose or self-treat any health condition.  If you have any questions about the information provided please contact Dr. Restaino at (859)578-8778 or email -

Common symptoms and conditions we have had success in treating: (Click on each word or Scroll down the page for detailed information about each condition.)

Allergies Arthritis Asthma Bursitis
Carpal Tunnel Colic Disc Disorder Ear Infections
Fibromyalgia Headaches Low Back Pain Neck Pain
Osteoporosis Pinched Nerve Sciatica Scoliosis
Sports Injuries Stress TMJ Tendinitis
Torticollis Whiplash    






Chiropractic care does not directly treat allergies.  So, why do so many people with allergies say they get relief by having their spine adjusted? Because your nervous system is the master system that orchestrates your immune system, glandular system, respiratory system and every other system that reacts inappropriately to an allergen.  When your nervous system isn't working right, you don't work right.  So we direct our attention to locating and reducing the disturbances to your nervous system, rather then testing for countless allergens.  

Treatment works in many conditions by adjusting the spine which removes the interference to the nervous system.  This can allow the patient to stop taking many allergy medications and avoid side effects.  If you have allergies call Restaino Chiropractic and schedule a consultation; you'll be glad you did.

                                     Symptoms of Allergies

Itchy Eyes  -  Runny Nose  -  Skin Rash  - Vomiting  -  Sneezing

Constricted Air Passageways  -   Death in Severe Cases

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The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis (aka degenerative joint disease) which is characterized by joint pain brought on by the breakdown of cartilage.  Cartilage is the material between the joints that cushions the ends of bones.  Cartilage breakdown causes bones to rub against each other, causing pain and loss of movement.  Most commonly affecting middle-aged and older people, osteoarthritis can range from mild to very severe.  It most often affects weight-bearing joints such as knees, hips, back and spine.  Many factors contribute to cartilage breakdown including restriction in joint's range of motion, mental and emotional stress, toxins in the body, injuries, repeated high-impact exercise, improper nutrition and excessive body weight.

One of the best treatments for arthritis is chiropractic manipulation of the joints to restore proper motion and function to the affected joints.   Other natural, helpful strategies include; increased water consumption, nutritional supplements such as glucosamine or chondroitin, moderate exercise including muscle conditioning, stretching, aquatic exercise and reduction in weight.  There are many prescription and over the counter medications for arthritis.  These should be used as little as possible if at all.  The side effects for drugs are numerous and can cause permanent damage to ones internal organs.

                                     Symptoms of Arthritis

Gradual and Subtle Onset of Deep Aching Joint Pain  -  Joint Swelling

Worse After Exercise or Weight Bearing  -  Often Relieved by Rest

Limited Movement  -  Morning Stiffness  -  Joint Pain in Rainy Weather

Grating of the Joint With Motion  -  There May Be No Symptoms

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A reversible narrowing of the large and small airways due to spasm of the bronchial smooth muscle, inflammation of the bronchial mucosa and production of mucus.  Asthmatic attacks are brought on by stress, exercise, viral respiratory infections and allergens such as pollen, mold, dust and animal danders.  One study showed a decrease on Bronchodilator use by 20% with chiropractic care and decreased the severity of the symptoms by 39%. 

Treatment consists of adjustments to the cervical and thoracic spine, and rib cage.  This allows the nervous system to better regulate breathing and improve lung function.

Symptoms of Asthma

Shortness of Breath  -  Difficulty in Breathing  -  Wheezing 

Dry Cough  -  Tightness in Chest

Itching Sensation in Front of Neck or Chest in Children

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Inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies between a tendon and skin, or between a tendon and bone.  The condition may be acute or chronic.  Bursae are fluid-filled cavities near joints where tendons or muscles pass over bony projections.  They assist movement and reduce friction between moving parts.  Bursitis can be caused by chronic overuse, rheumatoid arthritis, gout or infection.  Sometimes the cause can not be determined.  Bursitis commonly occurs in the shoulder, hip, elbow, knee and Achilles tendon.

In this office treatment could include muscle stimulation, ultrasound, exercises, manipulation of  the affected joints and deep tissue massage to the surrounding musculature which often produces astounding results.

Symptoms of Bursitis

Joint Pain and Tenderness  -  Swelling  -  Limited Range of Motion   

Warmth Over the Affected Joint

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the compression of the median nerve at the wrist, which may result in numbness, tingling, weakness or muscle atrophy in the hand and fingers.  It is most common in people who perform repetitive motions of the hand and wrist, such as typing.  When the wrist is poorly positioned, there isn't enough space for the median nerve to travel to the hand.  Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is caused by pressure exerted on the median nerve at the point where it passes through the wrist.  The median nerve supplies sensation to the thumb-side of the ring finger.  It also supplies movement to part of the hand.  The nerve enters the hand between the wrist bones ( called the carpal bones) and the tough membrane that holds the bones together (the transverse carpal ligament). This space is called the carpal tunnel.  Since the passageway is rigid any swelling in this area can cause compression of the nerve (also called entrapment of the nerve).

Treatment would consist of manipulation of the wrist joint, ultrasound over the carpal tunnel to decrease swelling, exercises to increase hand, finger and forearm strength and instruction in proper wrist positioning/ergonomics.

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Weakness in Hands  -  Numbness or Tingling in the Thumb or Fingers

Wrist or Hand Pain  -  Numbness or Tingling of the Palm of the Hand

Pain Extending to the Elbow  -  Atrophy of the Muscle by the Thumb

Weak Grip or Difficulty Carrying Objects (A Common Complaint)

Impaired Fine Finger Movements

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Infantile colic was first thought to be merely indigestion.  The most widely accepted definition of colic today is - unexplainable and uncontrollable crying in babies from babies 0 to 6 months old, more than 3 hours a day, more than 3 days a week, usually in the afternoon and evening hours.  Many times the symptoms are caused subluxations/misalignments in the upper cervical spine.  Recent studies have shown a 94% success rate with Chiropractic treatment within 2-3 weeks of beginning care.

Gentle, light Chiropractic manipulation to the misaligned vertebrae typically gives amazing results.  Chiropractic isn't a treatment for colic; it is treating the subluxation/misalignment, restoring proper nervous system control which allows the body to function normally.  If your baby is suffering take action now and call the office for an appointment.

Symptoms of Colic

Uncontrollable Crying  -  Not Sleeping  -  Irritability  -  Pulling at Neck

Pulling at Ears  -  Not Eating  -  Vomiting

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Disc Disorders

(Disc Bulge, Herniated Disc, Degenerated Disc)

The intervertebral disc is a specialized piece of cartilage between the bones (vertebrae) of your spinal column.  It attaches to the vertebrae above and below it.  This creates separation between the bones so the spinal nerves can branch off from the spinal cord and exit the spine.  Healthy discs give you flexibility for normal turning and bending; they also act like a "shock absorber" for the spine.

The disc has fluid/gel filled center called the nucleus pulposus which is surrounded by bands of fibrous tissue called the annulus.  Problems start when the center ruptures/herniates or the annular fibers tear or the disc deteriorates (loses height/wears away).  Each of these will cause swelling in the area and pain ranging from mild to severe. Abnormal motion of the spinal bones can contribute to all of these problems. 

     Disc Bulge

A disc bulge is a disc that has become swollen due to abnormal pressure or torn annular fibers.  This is often the first stage of a disc disorder.  Left untreated it may progress to a herniated disc and will lead to a degenerated disc.  A bulge can be caused by injury but is more often the result of years of poor posture, prolonged sitting, improper lifting habits or lack of exercise.  Disc bulge's are very common; about 60%-70% of the population has a disc bulge in their neck or low back.

Symptoms of a Disc Bulge

Neck or Back Pain  -  Neck or Back Stiffness  -  Loss of Motion 

Increased Pain/Stiffness in Morning or After Sitting

     Herniated Disc

A herniated disc is also referred to as a ruptured disc, "slipped disc", prolapsed disc or herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP).  The center, gel filled portion of the disc breaks thru the annular fibers and often will compress a spinal nerve.  Exactly where the herniation occurs will determine the amount of trouble it causes.  It can press on the spinal cord itself, the sensory or motor portion of the right or left spinal nerve or no put any pressure on any nerve.  Some disc herniations are caused by injuries such as lifting, car accidents or falls.  More commonly it is a build up of stresses over the years.  Then like "the straw that broke the camel's back" we turn or bend funny and the center of the disc breaks through the last few fibers holding it in place and suddenly one has pain.  The pain with a herniated disc can be severe.  Disc herniation's are also common; around 50% of people have one in their neck or low back.

Symptoms of a Herniated Disc

Moderate to Severe Neck or Back Pain  -  Increased When Sitting

Worse in AM  -  Pain and/or Numbness Down the Arm or Leg

Antalgic Posture (Can't Stand Straight or Bent To Side)

Weakness in Arm/Hand or Leg/Foot  -  Weak Grip/ Drops Objects

Sharp Increased Pain if Cough or Sneeze  -  Debilitating Pain

    Degenerated Disc

A degenerated disc is also referred to as degenerative disc disease, spinal arthritis, "dry" disc or degenerative arthritis.  The disc has deteriorated or worn away over the years.  A disc bulge or herniation will usually progress to a degenerated disc.  The disc loses most of its fluid and the height of the disc is decreased.  The vertebrae will develop bone spurs as the disc loses height and the bones are under more stress.  It can take decades for a disc to go from normal to degenerated.  This can be slowed or stopped with proper treatment.  Many elderly patients who have maintained their spine throughout their lives enjoy excellent spinal health and function.

Symptoms of a Degenerated Disc

Chronic Stiffness  -  "Achy" Pain/Soreness  -  Pain in Hips

Pain Worse in Morning  -  Stiffness Decreases as Move Around

Chiropractic Treatment for Disc Disorders - Treatment consists of adjustments/manipulation to the spine around the affected area.  This removes pressure from the disc which in turn decreases swelling and takes the disc away from spinal nerves.  In addition muscle stimulation, ice, ultrasound, deep tissue massage, traction and rehabilitation exercises are also utilized to decrease pain and swelling and to strengthen the supporting/stabilizing muscles around the disc and vertebrae.  Some people think surgery is required for a disc problem.  This is NOT true.  Only a very small percentage of bad discs end up needing surgery (3-4%).  Chiropractic will also prevent discs from further degenerative changes.

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Ear Infections

Ear Infection or Otitis Media is an inner ear infection generally caused from a blockage of the Eustachian Tubes.  The Eustachian Tube allows equalized pressure on the eardrum and allows fluid to drain away from the inner ear.  When the Eustachian Tube is blocked, fluid builds up and causes an infection.  The transverse process, bones sticking out from the sides of a vertebrae, run next to the Eustachian Tubes at C1, the first cervical vertebrae.  When a vertebra is misaligned or subluxated, swollen tissue will result causing the Eustachian Tubes to block.  By removing the subluxations at C1 and C2 you can reduce the tissue swelling around the tubes and allow the inner ear to drain, clearing the infection within a couple of days in many cases.

Treatment is chiropractic adjustment to the upper cervical spine.

Symptoms of Ear Infections

Ear Aches or Tugging At the Ear  -  Ear and Nasal Drainage  -  Fever

Poor Sleep  -  Irritability and Crying  -  Decreased Appetite

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Fibromyalgia is a common condition characterized by widespread pain in joints, muscles, tendons and other soft tissues.  Some other problems linked with fibromyalgia include fatigue, morning stiffness, sleep problems, headaches, numbness in hands and feet, depression and anxiety.  Fibromyalgia can develop on its own or secondary to other musculoskeletal conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus.

Diagnosis of fibromyalgia requires a history of at least three months of widespread pain, and pain and tenderness in at least 11 of 18 tender-point sites.  These tender-point sites include fibrous tissue or muscles of the Neck, Shoulders, Chest, Rib Cage, Lower Back, Thighs, Knees, Arms (elbows) and Buttocks.  The overwhelming characteristic of fibromyalgia is long-standing body-wide pain with defined tender points.  Tender points are distinct from trigger points seen in other pain syndromes.  (Unlike tender points, trigger points can occur in isolation and represent a source of radiating pain, even in the absence of direct pressure.)  Fibromyalgia pain can mimic the pain experienced by people with various types of arthritis.  The soft-tissue pain of fibromyalgia is described as deep-aching, radiating, gnawing, shooting or burning, and ranges from mild to severe.  Fibromyalgia sufferers tend to awaken with body aches and stiffness.

Chiropractic helps fibromyalgia sufferers with manipulation of the affected joints, myofascial work on tender-points, muscle stimulation with ice or heat to decrease pain/discomfort and rehab exercises to increase strength and flexibility.

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

Multiple Tender Areas  -  Sleep Disturbances  -  Fatigue

Reduced Exercise  -  Body Aches  -  Chronic Muscle Pain or Aching

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There are three common type of headaches; Tension Headaches, Migraine Headaches and Cluster Headaches.

     Tension Headache

A condition involving pain or discomfort in the head, scalp or neck, usually associated with muscle tightness in these areas.  Tension headaches are one of the most common forms of headaches.  They can occur at any age but are most common in adults and adolescents.  If a headache occurs at one or more times weekly for several months or longer, the condition is considered chronic.  Tension headaches result from the contraction of neck and scalp muscles.  One cause of the muscle contraction is a response to stress, depression or anxiety.  Any activity that causes the head to be kept in one position for a long time without moving can cause a headache.  Some activities include typing or use of computers, fine work with the hands, and use of a microscope.  Sleeping in a cold room or sleeping with the neck in an abnormal position can also trigger this type of headache.  Other causes include spinal misalignment, eye strain, fatigue, nasal congestion, overexertion, excessive smoking, excessive caffeine use, sinus infection, colds and influenza.  Tension headaches are not associated with structural lesions in the brain.

Symptoms of Tension Headaches

Dull Pain, Pressure-Like  -  Not One Sided  -  Sleep Disturbances

Generalized Pain, Worse in the Scalp, Temples or Back of Neck

Feels Like Tight Band or Vise on the Head

Worsened or Triggered By Stress, Fatigue or Noise

     Migraine Headache

Common migraine is disorder involving recurrent headaches, which may be accompanied by symptoms other than headache but which rarely include a preliminary warning (called an aura).  Classic migraine are preceded by an aura.  Migraines (both types) affect about 6% of the population.  They most commonly occur in women and usually begin between the ages of 10 and 46.  In some cases, they appear to run in families.  Migraines occur when blood vessels of the head and neck spasm or constrict, which decreases blood flow to the brain.  Minutes to hours later, the blood vessels dilate (enlarge), resulting in a severe headache.  Inflammation around blood vessels also occurs in some cases.  Multiple mechanisms trigger the spasm and subsequent blood vessel dilation.  There are a few other rare forms.

Symptoms of Migraine Headaches

Throbbing, Pulsating Pain  -  Vertigo  -  Nausea  -  Dizziness

Loss of Appetite  -  Vomiting  -  Neck Pain  -  Lasts 6 to 48 Hours

Worse On Sides of Forehead  -  Severe or Dull Pain

     Cluster Headache

Cluster headache affect one side of the head (unilateral) and may be associated with tearing of the eyes and nasal congestion.  They occur in clusters, happening repeatedly each day at the same time for several weeks and then remitting.  Cluster headaches are a fairly common form of chronic, recurring headache.  Unlike migraines, they affect men more often than women.  They can affect people of any age but are most common between adolescence and middle age.  There does seem to be a pattern among families in the development of cluster headaches.  The onset is sudden and severe, and occurs most commonly during the dreaming (REM) phase of sleep.

Symptoms of Cluster Headaches

Swelling Around or Under the Eyes  -  Flushed Face  -  Runny Nose

Red Eye or Excessive Tears  -  Begins Suddenly 

Begins 2-3 Hours After Falling Asleep  -  Lasts 1/2 Hour to 2 Hours

After Starts, Quickly Gets Worse  -  Pain On Side of Face and Eye

Chiropractic Treatment for Headaches - Chiropractic care is one of the most effective treatments for many headaches.  Many times stress and malfunction of the spinal bones in the neck and upper back interfere with nerves and blood vessels to the head; this contributes to or directly causes the different types of headaches.  Manipulation of the joints in the cervical or thoracic spine reduce the interference which eliminates the headaches.  Additional treatment includes deep tissue work to the neck and upper back musculature, ultrasound,  muscle stimulation and stretching and strengthening exercises.  The patient should notice the headaches quickly become less frequent and severe.  Many patients are able to stop taking all headache  medications.      

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Low Back Pain

The majority of back pain patients have not experienced any trauma, accident or major injuries prior to the onset of their problem.  The cause of most back pain is the cumulative affect of improper sitting posture, poor work habits, incorrect lifting, lack of proper exercise and other lifestyle-related factors.  All of these factors cause stress and imbalances on the spine and eventually pain.  This is why people often injure their back by just bending over to pick up a piece of paper.  The spine was already compromised and just the simple act of bending was enough to set off the problem.  When this occurs, the surrounding back muscles go into spasm to  protect the stressed or injured tissues of the back.  In the US, low back pain is one of the most common conditions and one of the leading causes of physician visits.  In fact, at least four out of five adults will experience low back pain at some point in their lives.  Thirty-one million Americans have low back pain at any given time.  One half of all working Americans admit having back symptoms each year.  One third of all Americans over age 18 had a back problem in the past five years severe enough for them to seek professional help.  And the cost of this care is estimated to be a staggering $50 Billion yearly--and that's just for the more easily identified costs!

Research has shown Chiropractic care is by far the best treatment for low back pain.  This is in regards to short term and long term results as well as cost effectiveness.  A visit to Restaino Chiropractic should be first if you have low back pain.

The best treatment for low back pain is Chiropractic manipulation.  Other treatment in this office would be muscle stimulation, ultrasound, deep tissue work and rehab exercises.

Symptoms of Low Back Pain

Tenderness, Pain and Stiffness in the Lower Back

Pain That Radiates Into the Buttocks or Legs

Difficulty Standing Erect or Standing in One Position For a Long Time

Weakness and Leg Fatigue While Walking  -  Discomfort While Sitting

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Neck Pain

Neck pain is another very common problem many people suffer from.  It can be caused by numerous different things such as:  Arthritis, whiplash, poor posture, muscle strains, lifting injuries, stress, subluxations, computer use, excessive driving, improper sleep positions, etc.  It is often the cumulative effect of months or years of repetitive bad habits.  This can weaken the joints and tissues of the spine.  Some patients have been told by their MD or massage therapist that the problem is muscle spasms.  The muscle spasms are a symptom of the problem and not the cause.

The Chiropractic approach is to locate the underlying cause of the problem  and not just attempt to cover up the symptoms with prescription or over the counter drugs.  Treatment for neck pain consists of manipulation to the spinal joints, muscle stimulation, ultrasound, deep tissue massage, traction and rehab exercises.

Symptoms of Neck Pain

Tenderness, Pain and Stiffness in the Neck or Upper Back

Difficulty Turning or Moving Neck  -  Discomfort While Driving

Pain Radiating Into the Shoulder, Arm or Hand  -  Headaches

Dizziness/Vertigo  -  Pain Between the Shoulders

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The thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time.  Osteoporosis is the most common type of bone disease.  There are currently an estimated 10 million Americans suffering from osteoporosis as well as another 18 million who have low bone mass, or osteopenia.  Osteoporosis occurs when the body fails to form enough new bone or when too much old bone is reabsorbed by the body or both.  Calcium and phosphate are two minerals that are essential for normal bone formation.  Throughout youth, the body uses these minerals to produce bones.  If calcium intake is not sufficient, or if the body does not absorb enough calcium from the diet, bone production and bone tissue may suffer.  As people age, calcium and phosphate may be reabsorbed back into the body from the bones, which makes the bone tissue weaker.  Both situations result in brittle, fragile bones that are subject to fractures, even in the absence of trauma.  Researchers estimate that about 20% of American women over the age of 50 have osteoporosis.  In addition, another 30% of them have osteopenia, which is abnormally low bone density that may eventually deteriorate into into osteoporosis, if not treated.  About half of all women over the age of 50 will suffer a fracture of the hip, wrist or vertebra.

Treatment consists of weight bearing exercise, nutritional supplements, manipulation of related joints and activity of daily living modifications. 

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

         (There Are No Symptoms in the Early Stages of the Disease)

Low Back Pain  -  Neck Pain  -  Bone Pain and Tenderness

Loss of Height Over Time  -  Stooped Posture

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Pinched Nerves

Many patients wonder if they have a pinched nerve because that is what it feels like.  There is more going on.  The spine is made up of 24 moving bones, the vertebrae, which protect your spinal cord while permitting turning and bending.  Pairs of nerve roots, one on each side, branch off your spinal cord between the vertebrae to service the organs and tissues of your body.  When there is no obstruction in this area the brain can control and regulate your body.  When a spinal bone is malpositioned it can obstruct the nerve openings and nerve irritation will result.

There are two types of nerve irritation: A Compressed Lesion - This is just a fancy name for a pinched nerve.  It is actually quite rare.  Nerves are rarely compressed; more commonly it causes a Facilitative Lesion - This is when the nerve root is stretched, twisted or chafed.  This can be caused by disc problems, arthritis, improper joint motion, etc.

Bones are static structures.  They don't move unless muscles move them.  Muscles don't move unless commanded by the nervous system.  An irritated nerve causes a vicious cycle - The nerve causes the muscle to spasm and pull on the joints or bones which further irritates the nerve which then further spasms the muscle, etc.

Treatment is manipulation to the spinal joints, traction to increase joint space, muscle stimulation to decrease spasm and exercises to stabilize the area.

Symptoms of Pinched Nerves

Pain in the Neck or Back  -  Pain Down the Arm or Leg  -  Headaches

Weakness or Numbness in Arms, Hands, Legs or Feet

Internal Organ Problems (Bladder Infections, Digestive Trouble. Etc.)

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Sciatica is defined as pain that radiates from the lower back into the buttocks and down the back of one or both legs.  This is caused by irritation of the sciatic nerves; the largest nerves in the body (about the size of ones finger).  It usually begins as an acute pain in the lower back and then shoots down the back of either leg.  Many patients describe the pain as "a knife stabbing into the back of my leg".  There are 5 pairs of nerves that exit the spine in the low back.  These nerves join together to form the sciatic nerve; one on each side of the spine that then go down each leg to the foot.  If the vertebrae (bones of the spine) are misaligned; or the joints are swollen or degenerated; or the disc between the vertebrae are swollen, bulged, herniated or ruptured, the result is pressure on those nearby nerves.  This can cause tremendous pain and normal daily activities become almost impossible.

Treatment consists of correcting the misaligned vertebrae and joints which reduces swelling and disc problems.  This removes the pressure on the sciatic nerve, reducing pain and increasing flexibility and function.

Symptoms of Sciatica

Pain Shooting Down the Back of the Leg  -  Weakness of Knee or Foot

Numbness, Tingling, Burning Pain in Back of Calf or Sole of Foot

Sensation Changes in Calf or Foot  -  Difficulty Walking 

Low Back Pain/Pain in the Buttocks

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Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine.  Everyone's spine has natural curves.  These round our shoulders and make our lower back curve inward.  But some people have spines that also curve from side to side.  Unlike poor posture, these curves can't be corrected simply by learning to stand straight.  On an X-ray the spine of an individual with scoliosis looks more like a "S" or "C" rather then a straight line.  Some of the bones in a scoliotic spine may also have rotated slightly, making the person's waist or shoulders appear uneven.

Scoliosis affects a small percentage of the population, approximately 2% (many more people have a curve in their spines, but not a large enough curve to be considered scoliosis).  However, scoliosis, can run in families.  If someone in your family has scoliosis the incidence rate increase to 20%.  If you have family members with scoliosis, everyone should be checked.

Children - The vast majority of scoliosis is "idiopathic", meaning its cause is unknown.  It usually develops in middle or late childhood, before puberty, and is more common in girls than boys.  Though scoliosis can occur in children with cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida and other miscellaneous conditions, most scoliosis is found in otherwise healthy youngsters.

Adults - Scoliosis usually develops during childhood, but it can also occur in adults.  Adult scoliosis may represent the progression of a condition that actually began in childhood, and was not diagnosed or treated while the person was still growing.  What might have started out as a slight or moderate curve has progressed in the absence of treatment.  In some cases adult scoliosis can be cause be degenerative changes in the spine.  Also, work habits/positions can increase/cause scoliosis (i.e. - mailman carrying heavy bag over one shoulder or driving and leaning towards the drivers door, etc.)

Chiropractic care can slow or stop the progression of scoliosis by restoring proper joint motion, stretching and strengthening involved musculature and teaching better body mechanics.  Bracing and surgery are rarely required; only in severe cases where the curvature progresses at a rapid rate.  If you know a child with a curve in their spine please bring them in for an evaluation.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

Back or Neck Pain  -  Uneven Shoulder Height  -  Uneven Hips

Uneven Shoe Wear  -  Leg Pains  -  Rib Hump on One Side

In Severe Cases Lung and Heart Trouble 

In Many Cases There Are No Initial Symptoms

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Sports Injuries - Sprains and Strains

The majority of sports injuries are a result of minor trauma to muscle, ligaments and/or tendons.  These injuries are often recognized by the onset of immediate localized swelling, pain and /or discoloration.  The three most common injuries are contusions (bruises), sprains and strains. 

A sprain is an injury to a ligament--a stretching or a tearing.  One or more ligaments can be injured during a sprain.  The severity of the injury will depend on the extent of an injury to a single ligament (whether the tear is partial or complete) and the number of ligaments involved.  The most frequently sprained ligaments are in the ankles, knees and wrists.  Other areas are back, neck, shoulder and elbow.

A strain is an injury to either a muscle or tendon generally caused by overuse, force or stretching.  Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain may be a simple overstretch of the muscle or tendon, or it can result in a partial or complete tear.  Common sites for a strain are the back and hamstring muscle (back of thigh).  Other areas are the neck, shoulder or calf muscle.

Ligaments are basically straps of tissue that hold joints together.  All the joints in the body have multiple ligaments around them.  Tendons insert into the bones of the joints and the muscles make the joints move.

Treatment - If a ligament or muscle is completely torn there is a good chance it will require surgery.  If the Dr. Restaino determines you have a complete tear you will be referred to an orthopedic surgeon.  If the muscle or ligament is overstretched or partially torn it will respond to conservative care which we will be able to perform in our chiropractic office.  Treatment will consist of ice and ultrasound to decrease swelling and improve blood flow, muscle stimulation to decrease pain and spasm, deep tissue muscle work, manipulation to the affected joint if needed, and rehab exercises.

Symptoms of Sports Injuries - Sprains and Strains

Pain in Muscle or Joint Area  -  Swelling of Area  -  Weakness

Loss of Motion  -  Inability To Put Weight On Affected Area

Discoloration (Bruises)

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Traffic Jams.  Paying Bills.  Deadlines.  Pesky Neighbors.  These unpleasant or challenging situations create stress in our lives.  So why is it some people deal with these stress situations better than others?  The answer is complex and includes many factors from genetics to weather conditions, but an interesting study in The Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics indicates that there is a relationship between chiropractic and the effect it can have on dealing with stress situations in your life.  Stress manifests differently in different people.   Some will complain of fatigue or neck pain while others will have digestive problems or headaches.  Long term stress can lead to high blood pressure or arteriosclerosis.

Treatment - Chiropractic involves touch; this factor alone sets the stage for release of muscular tension.  Spinal adjustments may help the stress reactions by removing nerve irritation, releasing muscular tension and improving blood circulation.  Additionally, deep tissue massage, improved diet and an exercise program will help cope with stress.

Symptoms of Stress

Headaches  -  Neck or Back Pain  -  Fatigue  -  Difficulty Sleeping

High Blood Pressure  -  Arteriosclerosis  -  Ulcers  -  Colitis  -  Stiffness

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TMJ  - Temporomandibular joint Disorder

TMJ, often an extremely painful condition, is caused by displacement or inflammation of the cartilage where the lower jaw connects to the skull.  This is one of the most commonly used joints in the body.  (It moves every time you chew, talk or use your mouth at all.)  The displacement creates a painful pressure and stretching of the associated sensory nerves.  You might have TMJ if you feel like you jaw is locking or clicking, if you have trouble opening your mouth fully or if you have frequent headaches or pains in your neck.  Not all cause are known.  Some possible causes or contributing factors are injuries to the jaw area, various forms of arthritis, dental procedures, genetics, hormones, low-level infections, auto-immune diseases, stretching of the jaw as occurs with inserting a breathing tube before surgery and clenching or grinding of the teeth.  Some patients chew more on one side of the mouth and may have an imbalance of the right and left jaw muscles.

Treatment may consist of manipulation of the upper cervical spine, deep tissue/trigger point massage to the musculature of the jaw, ultrasound and manipulation of the joint itself.  Proper jaw motion will as be discussed.

Symptoms of TMJ

Pain In and Around the Ear  -  Tenderness of the Jaw  -  Headaches

Neck Aches  -  Swelling On the Side of the Face

Clicking, Popping or Grating Sounds When Opening the Mouth

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Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon - any one of the thick fibrous cords that attach muscles to bones.  The condition can occur in any of your body's tendons.  It is common around your shoulders, knees, elbows, heels and wrists.  Tendons are surrounded by sheath of tissue similar to the lining of the joints.  They're subject to the wear and tear of aging, direct injury and inflammatory diseases.  The most common cause of tendinitis is injury or overuse during work or play.  Also some antibiotics, i.e. fluroquinolone, can cause tendinitis.  If the sheath that surrounds the tendon becomes scarred and narrowed in small joints, such as the finger, it may cause the tendon to lock in one position; this is called trigger finger.  The following are specific types of tendinitis:

Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) - Pain on the outer side of the forearm/elbow when you rotate your forearm or grip an object.

Golfer's Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis) - Pain on inner part of elbow when you forcefully flex the wrist.  AKA Baseball or Suitcase Elbow.

Achilles Tendinitis - Pain just above the heel.  May be caused by downhill running.

Adductor Tendinitis - Pain in the groin usually caused by sharp/quick moves such as running in football or soccer.

Patellar Tendinitis - Pain just below the kneecap caused by repetitive jumping, running or cutting.

Popliteus Tendinitis - Pain on side of knee irritated by downhill running or walking.

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis - Pain in shoulder irritated by using arm overhead, throwing, using a hammer, swimming, sleeping with arm overhead or under body and bench press. AKA Pitchers, Swimmers or Tennis Shoulder and Impingement Syndrome.

Treatment for tendinitis could include manipulation of the involved joint, ultrasound and ice to decrease swelling, muscle stimulation to decrease muscle spasm and deep tissue/transverse friction massage to the tendons.  Once the pain is decreased strengthening exercises are required to prevent the problem from recurring.  Dr. Restaino treats many are athletes for overuse problems such as tendinitis.

Symptoms of Tendinitis

Pain Around/Near Joints  -  Tenderness  -  Swelling of Tendons

Weakness of Involved Joints and Muscles

Severe, Sharp Pain With Use

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Torticollis (Wry Neck)

Torticollis is a form of dystonia (prolonged muscle contractions) in which the neck muscles contract involuntarily causing the head to turn.  If you are older, you may have heard it referred to as Wry Neck.  Torticollis may occur without known cause (idiopathic), be genetic (inherited), or be acquired secondary to damage to the nervous system or muscles.  It may develop in childhood or adulthood.  Congenital torticollis (present at birth) may be caused by malpositioning of the head in the uterus, or be prenatal injury of the muscles or blood supply in the neck.

Chiropractic manipulation to the cervical spine usually resolves Torticollis within a few visits; severe or long term cases may require additional visits.  Many patients have tried different doctors with no relief before seeing Dr. Restaino.  With a condition like this; Chiropractic should be the first choice.

Symptoms of Torticollis

Enlargement of the Neck Muscles (Possibly Present at Birth)

Asymmetry of an Infant's Head From Sleeping on the Affected Side

Elevation of the Shoulder on the Affected Side  -  Headache

Stiffness of Neck Muscles  -  Limited Range of Motion  -  Neck Pain

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Usually associated with automobile accidents, whiplash can occur in any situation that causes a sudden movement of the head (backward, forward or sideways).  This motion strains the muscles, ligaments and joints of the neck beyond their normal range of motion.  Often your seatbelt will stop your body from being thrown forward, but your head "whips" back and forth resulting in the injuries.  The most recent and reviewed research shows injuries can happen even in low speed accidents where there is little to no damage to the vehicles.  It can take weeks for the full effects of the injuries to appear.  Many people describe being in pain for a few days after the accident, then feel a little better for a week or so, then the pain starts to increase and appear in different areas.  This is due to swelling of the injured muscles and ligaments and the pressure they put on the joints and nerves of the neck.

 It is important to have your neck examined by a Chiropractor after an accident.  We are the only doctors who evaluate all aspects of the injury.  If you go to the ER or family Doctor they will probably just take X-rays and if nothing is broken assume you are just sore and it will go away.  I have seen many patients who still have pain years after their accident which if treated properly would have been resolved with no lasting pain.  When a muscle or ligament is stretched or torn and not treated properly in a short time frame; it will develop scar tissue and result in permanent impairment.   

Symptoms of Whiplash

Neck Pain and Stiffness  -  Blurred Vision  -  Nausea  -  Vertigo

Irritability and Fatigue  -  Pain Between the Shoulders  -  Dizziness

Pain in the Arms and Legs  -  Numbness and Tingling in Jaw or Face

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More conditions are being added; if there are any specific conditions you  would like to see please contact the office and let us know.            

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Copyright 2012 Restaino Chiropractic Center of Northern Kentucky  1671 Park Rd Ft. Wright, Ky 41011   www. Dr